Reference Centre, Quick Reference Charts

Census - U.S.A.

1790     1800     1810     1820     1830    1840

1850     1850 Slave Sch.     1850 Mortality Sch.     1860     1860 Slave Sch.      1870     1880     1890

1900     1910     1920     1930     1930 Vessels     1940

Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1790
4 Apr
1791
Head of family onlyNoNoNoReligion no. Race of persons in house recorded statistically including number of free white males.By age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoNoNoNoSlave count
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. Census was taken in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Vermont. But, the 1790 "Heads of Family" index names for Virginia come from the 1785 to 1787 tax lists of Virginia rather than the 1790 Census records which were lost. Also lost were Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey.


1800
4 Aug
Head of family onlyNoNoNoReligion no. Race of persons in house recorded statistically.By age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoNoNoNoSlave count
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. Census taken in New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky and Tennessee as well as the territory northwest of the Ohio River, Indiana and Mississippi Territory. But lost was Georgia, Tennessee, Kentucky, New Jersey, Virginia, Indiana Territory, Mississippi Territory and Northwest Territory. Only Washington County records from the Northwest territory survive.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1810
6 Aug
Head of family onlyNoNoNoReligion no. Race of persons in house recorded statistically.By age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoNoNoNoSlave count
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee and Ohio as well as the territories of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Louisiana (renamed Missouri Territory in 1812) and Orleans Territory. But lost was District of Columbia, Georgia, New Jersey, Tennessee, Indiana Territory, Michigan Territory, Mississippi Territory and Louisiana Territory (Missouri). Partial losses include Illinois Territory county of St. Clair is lost, Ohio Territory where everything is lost except for Washington County.


1820
7 Aug
Head of family onlyNoStates if person is foreign but not nat-
ural-
ized, otherwise no
NoReligion no. Race of persons in house recorded statistically.By age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoRecorded by type of work onlyNoNoSlave count
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine as well as Arkansas Territory, Michigan Territory and Missouri Territory. But lost from the census was Arkansas Territory, Missouri Territory and New Jersey. Partial Losses: half the counties in Alabama and the Eastern Counties of Tennessee.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1830
Part 1 - 1 Jun
Head of family onlyNoNoNoReligion no. Part 1 records whites onlyBy age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoNoNoNoNo
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri as well as Arkansas Territory, Michigan Territory and Florida Territory. But lost from the census were some county-wide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi


1830
Part 2 - 1 Jun
Head of family onlyNoStates if person is white and if foreign but not nat-
ural-
ized, otherwise no
NoReligion no. Part 2 records slaves plus free coloured onlyBy age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoNoDeaf, dumb, blindNoSlave count
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri as well as Arkansas Territory, Michigan Territory and Florida Territory. But lost from the census were some county-wide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1840
Part 1 - 1 Jun
Head of family onlyDistrict, town or countyNo. But # of aliens in a houseNoReligion no. Part 1 records whites onlyBy age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoNo# in a house at school plus # of deaf, dumb and blind persons in a houseIf in receipt of a military pensionNo
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas and Michigan as well as Iowa Territory, Wisconsin Territory and Florida Territory. No substantial losses from the census.


1840
Part 2 - 1 Jun
Head of family onlyDistrict, town or countyNoNoReligion no. Part 2 records slaves plus free coloured.By age group onlySta-
tis-
tics
NoRecorded by type of work onlyNoYesName of slave owner and # of slaves
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas and Michigan as well as Iowa Territory, Wisconsin Territory and Florida Territory. No substantial losses from the census.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1850
Sch. 1-1st Jun
Entire houseCity, village, town, borough, countyNotes state, territory or country of birthNoReligion no. Schedule 1 ask if coloured.Notes agesYesNotes only if married during past yearNotes work type of males over 15 onlyNotes both, plus if person is a pauper or convict, deaf, dumb, blind or insane. Also if in school during past year and if can read or write EnglishNoFarm, social, industrial, mortality, and slaves
Free Access"Free access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas and California as well as territories of Minnesota, New Mexico, Oregon and Utah. No substantial losses from the census.


1850
Sch. 2-1 Jun
Slave owners onlyCity, village, town, borough, countyNoNoReligion no. Part 2 Notes race.Notes agesYesNoNoNotes physical condition of slaves only plus if slave is a fugitive or manu-
mitted
NoNumber of slave houses
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1850
Mortality Schedule-1 Jun
Name of every person who died in previous 12 months up to 1 Jun 1850 whose usual place of abode was in his or her family.NoPlace of birth as state, territory or countryNoColour and if free or slaveYes plus month in which person diedYesIf married or widowedYesCause of deathNoLength of illness in # of days.
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas and California as well as territories of Minnesota, New Mexico, Oregon and Utah. No substantial losses from the census.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1860
Sch. 1-1 Jun
Entire houseCity, village, town, borough, countyNotes state, territory or country of birthNoReligion no. Schedule 1 asks if coloured.Notes agesYesNotes only if married during past yearNotes occupation if person was over 15Notes both, plus if person is a pauper or convict, deaf, dumb, blind or insane. Also if in school during past year and if can read or write EnglishNoFarm, social, industrial, mortality, and slaves
Free AccessFree access to search whole country on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota and Oregon as well as territories of Kansas, New Mexico, Nebraska, Utah, Washington, Indian and Unorganized Dakota. No substantial losses from the census.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1860
Sch. 2-1 Jun
Slave owners onlyCity, village, town, borough, countyNoNoReligion no. Part 2 Notes race.Notes agesYesNoNoNotes physical condition of slaves only plus if slave is a fugitive or manu-
mitted
NoNumber of slave houses
Free AccessFree to search by State and view images on Internet Archive.New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota and Oregon as well as territories of Kansas, New Mexico, Nebraska, Utah, Washington, Indian and Unorganized Dakota. No substantial losses from the census.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1870
1 Jun
Entire houseStated as city, town, village, borough, countyNotes state, territory or country of birth and notes if mother and/or father is foreignNoReligion no. Race recorded by colour.Notes ages plus month of birth if born during part yearYesNotes month of marriage if married during past yearYesBoth yes. If attended school in previous year and if can read and write English. If blind, deaf, dumb or insane.NoVoting eligibility plus farm, social, industrial and mortgage.
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota, Oregon, West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas and Nevada as well as territories of Kansas, New Mexico, Nebraska, Colorado, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Dakota and Indian. No substantial losses from the census.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1880
1 Jun
Entire house plus relation to head of houseYes as city, village, town, borough, county.Notes state, territory or country of birth. Notes generalized birth place of parentsNoReligion no. Race recorded by colour.Notes ages plus month of birth if born during part yearYesYes and month of marriage if married within previous yearYes plus number of months un-
employed during past year.
Both yes. If can read, write in English, if attended school in previous year. Deaf, dumb, blind or insane, sick or temporary disability, maimed, crippled, bedridden plus other disabilityNoFarm, social, industrial, mortgages, institutional and DDD schedules
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota, Oregon, West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas, Nevada and Colorado as well as territories of Kansas, New Mexico, Nebraska, Idaho, Arizona, Utah, Wyoming, Montana, Washington, Dakota, Indian and Alaska. No substantial losses from the census.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1890
2 Jun
Entire house plus relation to head of houseStreet name and house #, with city, village, town, borough, county.Yes plus place of birth of each person's parents# of years in US and if nat-
ural-
ized
Race by way of colour.YesYesYes and month of marriage if married within previous yearYesBoth yes. If can read, write in English, if attended school in previous year. Deaf, dumb, blind or insane, sick or temporary disability, maimed, crippled, bedridden plus other disabilityYes if soldier or sailor during Civil War,If convict, prisoner or homeless child.
Free AccessNew Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota, Oregon, West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas, Nevada, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming and Washington as well as territories of New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Montana, Oklahoma, Indian and Alaska. Over 99% of the 1890 census records were destroyed by fire and flooding. Only 6,160 names could be extracted out of the more than 62M names recorded. But, special census taken of Union veterans and their widows which provides information about the soldier's service during Civil War. Returns made also for those on naval vessels and in naval yards. No census taken of Confederate soldiers. Union Veterans and Widows of the Civil War, 1890. Free access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1900
1 Jun
Entire house plus relation to head of house statedYesNotes state, territory or country of birth. Notes generalized birth place of parentsYear of entry into U.S. plus # of years in USA and if nat-
ural-
ized
Religion no. Race recorded by colour.Notes ages plus month and year of birthYesYes plus number of years marriedYes plus # of months un-
employed during past year.
Edu-
cation only
NoNumber of children born and still living. Returns also for indian, naval and military
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota, Oregon, West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas, Nevada, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah and Washington as well as territories of New Mexico, Arizona, Montana, Oklahoma, Indian and Alaska.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1910
15 Apr
Entire house plus relation to head of house statedYesNotes state, territory or country of birth. Notes if mother and/or father are foreign.Year of entry into U.S. plus if nat-
ural-
ized
Religion no. Race recorded by colour.Age at last birthdayYesYes plus # of years married.Yes plus current work statusBoth yesIf civil war veteran of the Union or Con-
feder-
ate Army or Navy.
Number of children born and still living. If home rented or owned, if farm owned. If person was a survivor of the Union or Con-
feder-
ate Army or Navy. Schedules also for indian, naval and military.
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Alabama, Mississippi, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Maine, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas, California, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Oregon, West Virginia, Nebraska, Kansas, Colorado, Nevada, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Oklahoma, Idaho, Wyoming, Utah and Washington as well as territories of New Mexico, Arizona, Hawaii, Alaska and Puerto Rico.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1920
5 Jan
Entire house plus relation to head of house statedYesMore specific information recorded plus if born in Germany, Russia, Turkey or Austro-Hungarian Empire. Nationality inferred through birth place informationYear of entry into U.S. plus year and place nat-
ural-
ized.
Religion no. Race recorded by colour.Age as at last birth dayYesYes, plus age at 1st marriage.Yes plus current work statusEdu-
cation only plus native tongue spoken and that of parents
Military, naval and consular returnsIf home rented or owned, if farm owned. Value of home or rent.
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming and as well as territories of Hawaii, Alaska, American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1930
1 Apr
Entire house plus relation to head of house statedYesMore specific information recorded plus if born in Germany, Russia, Turkey or Austro-Hungarian Empire. Nationality inferred through birth place informationYear of entry into U.S. plus year and place nat-
ural-
ized.
Religion no. Race recorded by colour.Age as at last birth dayYesYes, plus age at 1st marriage.Yes plus current work statusEdu-
cation only plus native tongue spoken and that of parents
Military, naval and consular returns. Also if a veteran of what war or exped-
ition.
If home rented or owned, if farm owned. Value of home or rent. If had a radio set.
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and by State on Internet Archive. All 48 states plus territories of Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1930
1 Apr
Merchant SeamenName of vessel and where dockedPlace of birth as state, territory or country Race by way of colour.Yes Yes    
Free AccessFree access to search on Family Search. Also available for viewing images of census at the National Archives Building, 700 Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20408-0001, at NARA's regional facilities around the country, at many public libraries or can be purchased from NARA on 3-35mm. microfilm rolls.


Year & Date Names Address Birth Place and/or Nationality Immi- gra- tion Rel or Race Age or Birth Date Sex Marital Status Occu- pation Edu- cation or In- firm- ities Military Service Add'l Sch.
1940
1 Apr
Entire house plus relation to head of house statedYesMore specific information recorded plus if born in Germany, Russia, Turkey or Austro-Hungarian Empire. Nationality inferred through birth place informationYear of entry into U.S. plus year and place nat-
ural-
ized.
Religion no. Race recorded by colour.Age as at last birth dayYesYes, plus age at 1st marriage.Yes plus current work statusEdu-
cation only plus native tongue spoken and that of parents
Military, naval and consular returns. Also if a veteran of what war or exped-
ition.
If home rented or owned, if farm owned. Value of home or rent.
Free AccessFree access to search and view images on Family Search and on 1940 U.S. Census. All 48 states plus territories of Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands.

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