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Thomas NUTT[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
Male 1745 - 1839

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  • Birth  1745 
    Gender  Male 
    _UID  7587ABB5BA23D511B6E7DD3AFA2E9C35CC18 
    Buried  6 Jan 1839  Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [7
    Person ID  I2892  Young Ancestral Collectives
    Last Modified  08 Mar 2008 
     
    Father  Edward? NUTT 
    Family ID  F1076  Group Sheet
     
    Family  Mary HERMAN,   c. 12 Sep 1750, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 11 Mar 1821, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  21 Oct 1770  Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [8
    _UID  857EABB5BA23D511B6E7DD3AFA2E9C35D391 
    Children 
    >1. Thomas NUTT,   c. 4 Oct 1772, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 29 Nov 1857, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >2. John NUTT,   c. 21 Aug 1774, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 31 Dec 1856, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >3. Stephen aka James NUTT,   c. 21 Jul 1776, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Nov 1862, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >4. Mary NUTT,   c. 17 May 1778, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 9 May 1819, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     5. Sarah NUTT,   c. 2 Apr 1780, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 3 May 1780, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     6. Sarah NUTT,   c. 10 Jun 1781, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 26 Jul 1781, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     7. Elizabeth Frances NUTT,   c. 4 Jul 1784, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 17 Oct 1784, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    >8. Matthew NUTT,   c. 25 Dec 1785, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 14 Apr 1866, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
     9. Christian NUTT,   c. 4 Nov 1792, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   bur. 19 May 1793, Faversham, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location
    Family ID  F1011  Group Sheet
     
  • Notes 
    • Our Thomas Nutt, Senior was born circa 1745, based on the age recorded on his burial. He married Mary Herman on 21 October 1770 at Faversham after publication of banns. Thomas was described as being "of Faversham" but no christening for him appears in any of the church registers. There is no direct evidence of Thomas' occupation however I suspect that he was somehow involved in the fishing industry. His sons were variously a fisherman, dredger, and mariner and Thomas, Senior rented a large tract of property in Ospringe between 1790 and 1794 from the Earl of Guildford. That property was assessed at GB32 per year and must have been some form of warehouse operation. The further good standing of Thomas Nutt and his son, Thomas, is evidenced by the fact that both were nominated as burgesses of Faversham and appear on the burgess rolls from 1837 through 1840. As a burgess of the town both Thomas, Senior and Thomas, Junior were free men and therefor entitled to vote. The rated property which qualified both of them as burgesses was located on Abbey Street.

      During 1757 an Edward Nutt was assessed as both owner and occupier of property on Court and Abbey Streets in Faversham. Unfortunately, there is an almost 20-year gap in the land tax assessments between 1762 and 1780 so it is impossible to determine from that source if a later assessment included this Edward Nutt or if the property that he had occupied eventually flowed through to our Thomas.

      The next assessment in Faversham is that of Thomas Nutt as tenant of Richard Pratt during the years 1780 through 1782. As of 30 May 1783, however, Thomas has purchased property which he continued to own and occupy through 1793. Again, a gap in the land tax assessment records occurrs from 1793 to 1831. From the manorial records for the manor of Faversham in 1802 Thomas Nutt appeared before the court to bring his tenure of manorial holdings into good standing. He was recorded as being both owner and occupier since 1782 of a messuage and premises in Abbey Street East in the town. Occupiers of adjacent property, two on Abbey Street and two in Court Street "or the passage behind" were recorded as James Nutt, Matthew Harmon, John Harmon and Willson Stephen Admans. James Nutt we know is the son of Thomas. Matthew and John Harmon are also related by marriage as brothers-in-law of Thomas Nutt. I have not, however, determined any relationship between the Admans fellow and either the Harmon or Nutt families.

      A brief note appeared in the manorial court records during 1839, 1840 and 1843 indicating that a John Pay was purchaser of the holdings of Thomas Nutt, Senior. Unfortunately, the entries in 1839 and 1840 were only very brief and no further details were provided. A full entry was recorded in the court during 1841 so it is quite curious why mention needed to be made again during 1843 of the transaction.

      There was also a John Nutt who was buried at Faversham during 1788 at the age of 59 years (bc 1729). It is quite possible that John was an uncle or older brother of our Thomas, Senior. Again, no christening has been found in Faversham or neighbouring parishes for John. Similarly, an Ann Nutt married a Thomas Allen during 1779 at Faversham. All of the known children of that couple were christened at Selling, the native parish of Thomas Allen. This Ann was born circa 1759 and could possibly be the daughter of the unidentified John Nutt. Alternatively, she may be a younger sister of our Thomas Nutt, senior.

      From the files of Arthur Percival, M.B.E., M.A. D.Litt., F.S.A., of the Faversham Fleur de-lis Heritage Centre, the following information was received by letter dated 1 September 2000 addressed to Janet M. Epps, (a copy of which was forwarded to me by Janet), concerning this Thomas Nutt: "Thomas Nutt (1745-1839) paid a rate on a house on the east side of Abbey Street on 20 December 1785. He was also a party to a lease (April 1782) which related to 93-94 Abbey Street and 11-12 Oyster Court (at the rear of 93-4). Whether he actually lived in any of these I cannot say, but the probability is that he lived at either 93 or 94 Abbey Street - one of them, at least, a medieval timber-framed building which still survives. He was a dredger (ie oyster dredger) according to a 1794 directory.

      series Chartae Antiquae
      sub-series Chartae Antiquae W

      Repository Canterbury Cathedral Archives
      Level file
      RefNo CCA-DCc-ChAnt/W/217
      PreviousNumbers B 191 (Norris); W 215 (late 19th c)
      Title Probate with will and codicil annexed
      Date 2 May 1655
      Date 12 Mar 1653
      Description Will, testament and codicil of Margaret Bargrave of St Mildred's parish, Canterbury, widow, dated 20 Fen and 12 Mar 1653. She wishes to be buried in St Mildred's church, in the grave of her first husband. Bequests to: Margaret Wilkins, daughter of George Wilkins, gent, deceased; Edward Alexander and Jane Alexander, son and daughter of Edward Alexander deceased, the testarix's cousin; Mr Lee, minister of St Mildred's church; Katherine and Elizabeth Smith, the testatrix's kinswomen and William Smith, their brother; John Polhill and Thomas Polhill, sons of John Polhill, esq, the testatrix's cousins; Mr William Somner, the testatrix's 'very loving friend'; Thomas Courthop, the testatrix's friend; William Courthop, son of Thomas Courthop; Margaret Bossell, wife of - Bossell [blank in document] of St Dunstan's, Canterbury; John Nutt and Thomas Stonestreet, the testatrix's cousins; Judith Rucke, wife of Laurence Rucke. Bequests are of money, rings and lands in Wye and Brook in the names of Thomas Courthop, William Somner and Edward Pyard, gent. Provision for distribution of money to the poor. She appoints William Somner her executor. The codicil revokes the legacies to Edward and Jane Alexander and leaves a bequest to Jane Alexander, their mother. Proved before the judges for the probate of wills and granting of administrations on 2 May 1655. Signatures of Mark Cottle, B Sankey and W Longmore. Witnesses to the will: Edward Pyard; Elizabeth Richardson Witnesses to the codicil: Elizabeth Richardson; Martha Richardson
      Language English
      PhysicalDescription Parchment, 2mm, attached by seal tag, slightly dirty
      PubNote Calendared in C E Woodruff (ed), Sede vacante wills (Kent Archaeological Society, Canterbury, 1914), p4 Noted in Historical Manuscripts Commission Fifth Report (London, 1876), Appendix, p460
      Extent 2 documents
      SubjectIndex Testaments
      SubjectIndex Wills
      SubjectIndex Money, bequests of
      SubjectIndex Rings, bequests of
      SubjectIndex Poor, bequests to
      SubjectIndex Probate, grants of, Commonwealth
     
  • Sources 
    1. [S21] Proceedings of the Court Baron, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1850144, Manor of Faversham, 1802.
      See general notes associated with Thomas Nutt.

    2. [S21] Proceedings of the Court Baron, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1850205, Manor of Faversham, 1839, 1840, 1841 page 11.
      At this court [held during 1841] came John Pay and claimed to hold of the Lord of this Manor aforesaid [Faversham], by the like services and by the yearly rent of five pence, one messuage with appurtenances situate on the east side of Abbey Street, formerly in the occupation of Thomas Baker, late of Thomas Nutt, now in the occupation of Matthew Nutt, late the estate of Thomas Nutt who aliened to John Pay, whereby a relief amounting to one penny became due to the said Lord which the said John Pay now paid in Court, acknowledged the tenure, did his fealty and was admitted tenant.
      See general notes associated with Thomas Nutt.

    3. [S21] Proceedings of the Court Baron, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1850205, Manor of Faversham, 1845.
      At this Court came John Payn and claimed to hold of the Lord of this Manor as of the Manor aforesaid [Faversham], by the like services and by the yearly rent of three pence, three messuages and divers storehouses and a moiety of a wharf on which is a crane at Kings Head Key [sic], Faversham, formerly in the various occupations of Thomas Nutt, Daniel Smeed, John Berry, Daniel Dane, William Field, and Richard Pratt, and now consist of storehouses, three cottages and a coal yard, the said John Payn now having sold part of his interest to James Chambers had his rent apportioned.



    4. [S2] Land Tax Assessments, England, Great Britain: Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1469957, East Faversham, 1831.
      YEARLY RENT OWNER OCCUPIER ASSESSED PAID
      2.0.0 Thomas Nutt, Sr. Self for a house 0.8.0 nothing paid

    5. [S2] Land Tax Assessments, England, Great Britain: Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1483019, Faversham, 1798.
      OWNER OCCUPIER ASSESSMENT
      Thomas Nutts [sic] Himself 0.8.0

    6. [S2] Land Tax Assessments, England, Great Britain: Court of Quarter Sessions of the Peace, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1470392, item 8, Ospringe, Various 1780 through 1832.
      YEAR OWNER OCCUPIER ASSESSMENT TAX
      1790 Earl Guildford Messrs. Nutt & Co. 3 0.12.0
      1791 Earl Guildford Messrs. Nutt & Co. 3 0.12.0
      1792 Earl Guildford Messrs. Nutt & Co. 3 0.12.0
      1793 Earl Guildford Messrs. Nutt & Co. 3 0.12.0
      1794 Earl Guildford Messrs. Nutt & Co. 3 0.12.0
      Only those year during which this individual was assessed have been extracted.

    7. [S36] Parish Register, England, Kent: Church of England, Canterbury Cathedral Archives, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1886151, Faversham, Kent, 6 Jan 1839.

    8. [S36] Parish Register, England, Kent: Church of England, Canterbury Cathedral Archives, (U.S.A., Salt Lake City: Genealogical Society of Utah), LDS Film #1886147, Faversham, Kent, 21 Oct 1770.