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Elizabeth Frances NUTT
Female 1784 - 1784

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Generation: 1
  1. Elizabeth Frances NUTT c. 4 Jul 1784, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 17 Oct 1784, Faversham, Kent, England.

Generation: 2
  1. Thomas NUTT b. 1745; bur. 6 Jan 1839, Faversham, Kent, England.

    Notes:
    Our Thomas Nutt, Senior was born circa 1745, based on the age recorded on his burial. He married Mary Herman on 21 October 1770 at Faversham after publication of banns. Thomas was described as being "of Faversham" but no christening for him appears in any of the church registers. There is no direct evidence of Thomas' occupation however I suspect that he was somehow involved in the fishing industry. His sons were variously a fisherman, dredger, and mariner and Thomas, Senior rented a large tract of property in Ospringe between 1790 and 1794 from the Earl of Guildford. That property was assessed at GB32 per year and must have been some form of warehouse operation. The further good standing of Thomas Nutt and his son, Thomas, is evidenced by the fact that both were nominated as burgesses of Faversham and appear on the burgess rolls from 1837 through 1840. As a burgess of the town both Thomas, Senior and Thomas, Junior were free men and therefor entitled to vote. The rated property which qualified both of them as burgesses was located on Abbey Street.

    During 1757 an Edward Nutt was assessed as both owner and occupier of property on Court and Abbey Streets in Faversham. Unfortunately, there is an almost 20-year gap in the land tax assessments between 1762 and 1780 so it is impossible to determine from that source if a later assessment included this Edward Nutt or if the property that he had occupied eventually flowed through to our Thomas.

    The next assessment in Faversham is that of Thomas Nutt as tenant of Richard Pratt during the years 1780 through 1782. As of 30 May 1783, however, Thomas has purchased property which he continued to own and occupy through 1793. Again, a gap in the land tax assessment records occurrs from 1793 to 1831. From the manorial records for the manor of Faversham in 1802 Thomas Nutt appeared before the court to bring his tenure of manorial holdings into good standing. He was recorded as being both owner and occupier since 1782 of a messuage and premises in Abbey Street East in the town. Occupiers of adjacent property, two on Abbey Street and two in Court Street "or the passage behind" were recorded as James Nutt, Matthew Harmon, John Harmon and Willson Stephen Admans. James Nutt we know is the son of Thomas. Matthew and John Harmon are also related by marriage as brothers-in-law of Thomas Nutt. I have not, however, determined any relationship between the Admans fellow and either the Harmon or Nutt families.

    A brief note appeared in the manorial court records during 1839, 1840 and 1843 indicating that a John Pay was purchaser of the holdings of Thomas Nutt, Senior. Unfortunately, the entries in 1839 and 1840 were only very brief and no further details were provided. A full entry was recorded in the court during 1841 so it is quite curious why mention needed to be made again during 1843 of the transaction.

    There was also a John Nutt who was buried at Faversham during 1788 at the age of 59 years (bc 1729). It is quite possible that John was an uncle or older brother of our Thomas, Senior. Again, no christening has been found in Faversham or neighbouring parishes for John. Similarly, an Ann Nutt married a Thomas Allen during 1779 at Faversham. All of the known children of that couple were christened at Selling, the native parish of Thomas Allen. This Ann was born circa 1759 and could possibly be the daughter of the unidentified John Nutt. Alternatively, she may be a younger sister of our Thomas Nutt, senior.

    From the files of Arthur Percival, M.B.E., M.A. D.Litt., F.S.A., of the Faversham Fleur de-lis Heritage Centre, the following information was received by letter dated 1 September 2000 addressed to Janet M. Epps, (a copy of which was forwarded to me by Janet), concerning this Thomas Nutt: "Thomas Nutt (1745-1839) paid a rate on a house on the east side of Abbey Street on 20 December 1785. He was also a party to a lease (April 1782) which related to 93-94 Abbey Street and 11-12 Oyster Court (at the rear of 93-4). Whether he actually lived in any of these I cannot say, but the probability is that he lived at either 93 or 94 Abbey Street - one of them, at least, a medieval timber-framed building which still survives. He was a dredger (ie oyster dredger) according to a 1794 directory.

    series Chartae Antiquae
    sub-series Chartae Antiquae W

    Repository Canterbury Cathedral Archives
    Level file
    RefNo CCA-DCc-ChAnt/W/217
    PreviousNumbers B 191 (Norris); W 215 (late 19th c)
    Title Probate with will and codicil annexed
    Date 2 May 1655
    Date 12 Mar 1653
    Description Will, testament and codicil of Margaret Bargrave of St Mildred's parish, Canterbury, widow, dated 20 Fen and 12 Mar 1653. She wishes to be buried in St Mildred's church, in the grave of her first husband. Bequests to: Margaret Wilkins, daughter of George Wilkins, gent, deceased; Edward Alexander and Jane Alexander, son and daughter of Edward Alexander deceased, the testarix's cousin; Mr Lee, minister of St Mildred's church; Katherine and Elizabeth Smith, the testatrix's kinswomen and William Smith, their brother; John Polhill and Thomas Polhill, sons of John Polhill, esq, the testatrix's cousins; Mr William Somner, the testatrix's 'very loving friend'; Thomas Courthop, the testatrix's friend; William Courthop, son of Thomas Courthop; Margaret Bossell, wife of - Bossell [blank in document] of St Dunstan's, Canterbury; John Nutt and Thomas Stonestreet, the testatrix's cousins; Judith Rucke, wife of Laurence Rucke. Bequests are of money, rings and lands in Wye and Brook in the names of Thomas Courthop, William Somner and Edward Pyard, gent. Provision for distribution of money to the poor. She appoints William Somner her executor. The codicil revokes the legacies to Edward and Jane Alexander and leaves a bequest to Jane Alexander, their mother. Proved before the judges for the probate of wills and granting of administrations on 2 May 1655. Signatures of Mark Cottle, B Sankey and W Longmore. Witnesses to the will: Edward Pyard; Elizabeth Richardson Witnesses to the codicil: Elizabeth Richardson; Martha Richardson
    Language English
    PhysicalDescription Parchment, 2mm, attached by seal tag, slightly dirty
    PubNote Calendared in C E Woodruff (ed), Sede vacante wills (Kent Archaeological Society, Canterbury, 1914), p4 Noted in Historical Manuscripts Commission Fifth Report (London, 1876), Appendix, p460
    Extent 2 documents
    SubjectIndex Testaments
    SubjectIndex Wills
    SubjectIndex Money, bequests of
    SubjectIndex Rings, bequests of
    SubjectIndex Poor, bequests to
    SubjectIndex Probate, grants of, Commonwealth

  2. Thomas m. Mary HERMAN 21 Oct 1770, Faversham, Kent, England. Mary (daughter of Matthew HERMAN and Elizabeth IVYSON) c. 12 Sep 1750, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 11 Mar 1821, Faversham, Kent, England. [Group Sheet]

  3. Mary HERMAN c. 12 Sep 1750, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 11 Mar 1821, Faversham, Kent, England.

    Children:
    1. Thomas NUTT c. 4 Oct 1772, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 29 Nov 1857, Faversham, Kent, England.
    2. John NUTT c. 21 Aug 1774, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 31 Dec 1856, Faversham, Kent, England.
    3. Stephen aka James NUTT c. 21 Jul 1776, Faversham, Kent, England; d. 22 Nov 1862, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 22 Nov 1862, Faversham, Kent, England.
    4. Mary NUTT c. 17 May 1778, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 9 May 1819, Faversham, Kent, England.
    5. Sarah NUTT c. 2 Apr 1780, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 3 May 1780, Faversham, Kent, England.
    6. Sarah NUTT c. 10 Jun 1781, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 26 Jul 1781, Faversham, Kent, England.
    7. 1. Elizabeth Frances NUTT c. 4 Jul 1784, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 17 Oct 1784, Faversham, Kent, England.
    8. Matthew NUTT c. 25 Dec 1785, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 14 Apr 1866, Faversham, Kent, England.
    9. Christian NUTT c. 4 Nov 1792, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 19 May 1793, Faversham, Kent, England.

Generation: 3
  1. Edward? NUTT

  2. Children:
    1. 2. Thomas NUTT b. 1745; bur. 6 Jan 1839, Faversham, Kent, England.
    2. John NUTT b. 1729; bur. 10 Jan 1788, Faversham, Kent, England.
  3. Matthew HERMAN b. Abt 1709; bur. 19 Mar 1796, Faversham, Kent, England.

    Notes:
    See notes for Elizabeth Ivyson.

    Very little is known of this family. The earliest ancestor appears to be this Matthew Herman born circa 1709 and buried at Faversham at the age of 87 years in 1796. The flipflop of the surname spelling between Herman and Harmon certainly hasn't helped smooth the research of this family. No christening has ever been found, despite the search through more than 200 East Kent church registers, for Matthew Hermon or Matthew Harmon. Additionally, even though he was described as "being of" Faversham at the time of his married to Elizabeth Ivyson in 1749, certainly no christening appears for him in the parish register. It is unclear why he and Elizabeth moved to Preston-next-Faversham shortly after their marriage. Neither Matthew nor Elizabeth had been born or christened at Preston.

    According to the 1762 land tax assessment of Faversham a Matthew Herman occupied property owned by William Simmons in "Preston Street/Cooks Ditch". Unfortunately, an almost 20 year gap in the records harms the continuity of the tracking of this family. As of 1780 the Faversham Land Tax Assessments record a Matthew Harmon [sic] occupying property owned by Mary Simmons and subsequently Thomas Kennett, Esq. It would seem from surnames of the landlords in 1762 and in 1780 and Matthew did, indeed stay on the same property throughout the period 1763 through 1779. Another gap in the records occurs between 1785 and 1789. The assessment of 1790 indicates that a John Harmon had become co-tenant with Matthew in the same property, through to 1793 when the records cease. Simultaneously, between 1790 and 1793 Matthew Harmon is also shown as tenant of property on West Street, Faversham which belonged to Edward Hills and subsequently to the heirs of Edward Hills. This, no doubt, is the property that is referred to in the manorial court roll seen with the entry for Edward Harmon.

    The men of the family all appear to have been dredgers associated with the Faversham Oyster Fishery Company.

    Elizabeth, the daughter of Matthew II, married Jesse Rood, great-grandson of Onisepherous Rood who held large tracts of land throughout east Kent. Jesse and Elizabeth moved to the parish of St. Lawrence in the Isle of Thanet and proceeded to have quite a large family. Of the ten children, I have been able to track only the descendants of their son, Jesse, with relative ease. Jesse Jr.'s son, George Frederick, was still living at St. Lawrence at the time of the 1881 census. Living with him and his wife were three daughters, Lillian F., Rose E., and Florence A..

    The census of 1841 enumerated a Matthew and Mary Harman living at Drayson Square. Matthew's age was was recorded as 60 years in accordance with the enumerator's instructions. Consesquently, his age would have been between 60 and 64 years. He was employed as a shipwright at that time. I believe this fellow was the son of John and Elizabeth Harman who died during January of 1842.

    In 1841 also enumerated was Edward Harmon a mariner aged 45 to 49 years. He was living at the Faversham Arms along with John Milsted. By 1851 Edward, then aged 60, and a widower, was a lodger at a home on Preston Street but still described as being a mariner. I suspect that this Edward was the son of Matthew and Frances. Despite Edward being described as a widower, I have been unable to locate a marriage or children that could be associated with him.

  4. Matthew m. Elizabeth IVYSON 3 Jul 1749, Faversham, Kent, England. Elizabeth b. Abt 1721; bur. 6 Jun 1784, Faversham, Kent, England. [Group Sheet]

  5. Elizabeth IVYSON b. Abt 1721; bur. 6 Jun 1784, Faversham, Kent, England.

    Notes:
    Absolutely nothing is known of Elizabeth Ivyson. Despite the fact that there are several Ivyson, Iverson and Iveson families at Faversham I have not been able to ascertain the christening of our Elizabeth Ivyson with any certainty. From the land tax assessments for Faversham it appears that there was one primary Iveson family headed by "widow" Iveson from approximately 1746 onwards. At that time Widow Iveson was shown as landlord of certain property in the town and it is interesting to note that as of 1748 her tenant became one John Herman. John Herman remained in that same property through to 1762. Given that Elizabeth Ivyson married Matthew Herman it is tempting to entertain the idea that Elizabeth had been "widow" Iveson's daughter and Matthew had been John Herman's son, brother or nephew. However, it is equally interesting to note that no assessment, as either landlord or tenant, appears in Faversham for Matthew Herman and his wife, Elizabeth (nee Ivyson). Did this couple live with a relative or did they occupy property that was outside the bailiwick of town assessments, such as manorial property.

    Inasmuch as "widow" Iveson let her property out to rent, she occupied as tenant various properties around the town mostly on Court Street East and Abbey Street East from 1746 through 1762.

    The estimated birth year of Elizabeth has been drawn from the birth year of her last child being 1769. If Elizabeth continued to have children up until her time of reliable fertility ceased, then she would have been approximately 48 or 49 years old in 1769. Hence the calculation of her birth year being circa 1721.

    Children:
    1. 3. Mary HERMAN c. 12 Sep 1750, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 11 Mar 1821, Faversham, Kent, England.
    2. John HERMAN c. 22 Apr 1753, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England.
    3. Ann HERMAN c. 2 Nov 1755, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 14 Sep 1761, Faversham, Kent, England.
    4. Sarah HERMAN c. 5 Nov 1758, Preston-Faversham, Kent, England.
    5. Matthew HERMAN c. 10 Oct 1761, Faversham, Kent, England.
    6. Elizabeth HERMAN c. 11 Nov 1764, Faversham, Kent, England.
    7. Isaac HERMAN c. 5 Feb 1769, Faversham, Kent, England; bur. 25 May 1789, Faversham, Kent, England.

Generation: 4
  1. Unknown HERMAN

  2. Children:
    1. 6. Matthew HERMAN b. Abt 1709; bur. 19 Mar 1796, Faversham, Kent, England.
    2. John HERMAN b. 1729; bur. 1 Mar 1770, Faversham, Kent, England.